Residential Solar Panels 101

Solar Panels 101 – How Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Cells Works

Solar panels create energy by absorbing photons from sunlight. The photons react with the photoelectric material in the solar modules, knocking electrons. These electrons are captured in the form of a direct electrical current, creating power for your home.

Convert Sunlight to Energy

This direct current generated by a photovoltaic (PV) module has to go through another step before it can be used to power your home. The current is run through a device called an inverter (or power converter) which converts the direct current (DC) from the solar modules to alternating current (AC), which can be used in your home and distributed to the utility grid. During this process, 14-18% of the energy produced by the panels is lost.

Distribute Energy to your home

After being converted to alternating current, power travels from the inverter to your electrical service panel (your breaker box). The power from the electrical panel is then distributed to any electrical loads in your home.

Run your Meter Backwards

When excess power is produced by the solar panels system, the power will flow into the grid through your electric meter. This will cause your meter to run backward gaining you a credit with the utility company.

Net Metering

The net metering legislation states that the utility company must credit you at retail rates (the same rate they would have charged you). Therefore, time of use customers will be credited peak rates for power fed into the grid during peak hours.

What Makes a House Suitable for Solar Panels?

There are several factors that determine how suitable a home is for solar panels:

  • The number of sun hours received by your geographical location. Also known as solar isolation, this is the amount of sunlight that a geographical location receives in a typical year.
  • The amount of shading received by your roof during peak production hours. Less is better. Tall structures (other homes or buildings, trees, telephone poles, etc.) can restrict the amount of sunlight that reaches an installed solar panel. The shade of those other structures create can reduce the effectiveness of your solar panels system.
  • Available roof or ground area for the solar panels system. A solar panels system requires space for installation.

300+ 5-Star Reviews

4.6
Based on 489 reviews
Nyurka Sanchez
Nyurka Sanchez
13:41 25 Nov 22
Great company and Very happy with their work. Project manager Danny Q and Installer David made sure all my questions and concerns were answered and taken care. 100% recommend.
Kristine Valdes
Kristine Valdes
00:31 25 Nov 22
Great company, smooth process from start to finish. Installation was finished in a day. Pedro is a wonderful installer; precise and only settled for perfection. Left the area super clean. Danny the project manager was very attentive and knowledgeable. Answered all my questions about the installation and project process. Very professional group of individuals. Highly recommend!
Serena Norris
Serena Norris
23:15 23 Nov 22
It was one installer who install my impact doors and sliding doors and when he was finished my house just with the doors look so modern and he treats your home as his own and leave it clean. The entire job to three days along with inspection, and this was a favor for a teacher to return back to my classroom.
H Sth
H Sth
19:46 23 Nov 22
Rep Manny has given me the best estimate for a roof estimate today. I have been given other estimates from other companies and they not explain anything like Manny did. Excellent product knowledge and warranty information. The best. Will be doing the roof job.
Kedner Vilsaint
Kedner Vilsaint
22:10 22 Nov 22
Brian was here, he did very good job. He explained everything well highly recommended
Rick DeGraff
Rick DeGraff
17:37 22 Nov 22
The best. Jesus and his crew did amazing.
Susan Travers
Susan Travers
18:10 17 Nov 22
Judi Kornik
Judi Kornik
18:47 16 Nov 22
Beautiful job done with true professionalism. Responsive to all final requests. Job started and finished on schedule. I’m always somewhat Leary about getting involved with a company that I didn’t know or know someone that used them, but felt confident with all the preliminary people involved. Now I know I made the right choice!! Excellent workmanship and kind and courteous workers.
carla branes
carla branes
17:28 16 Nov 22
Daniel was my PM and David was part of my crew for installation of hurricane impact doors. They did a great job 🙂
Janet Caldeira
Janet Caldeira
15:55 15 Nov 22
They were very professional, work very neat and on time with work and everything to do was on point. I would recommend them any day. Thank you guys for work well done.
Julian Ortega
Julian Ortega
14:52 11 Nov 22
We are very satisfied with the teamwork, from the first appointment where Damaris and Anthony gave a detailed presentation of the materials and the process; Michael the project manager was always on the lookout for any questions we had and Greg the installer did a very clean and careful job with the best disposition paying attention to every detail. It has been a quick and timely process. everyone has been very professional. Thank you!
Pierre Piette
Pierre Piette
19:27 10 Nov 22
Job completed in 3.5 days, was expecting 6 to 8 days. very clean & efficient workers.Not the cheapest, but high quality.
Marco Salom
Marco Salom
15:30 28 Oct 22
Estoy muy contento con el trabajo realizado. Desde el vendedor, los supervisores y el instalador. Este último muy profesional, trabaja muy limpio y su preocupación porque todo quede bien. El trato de todos fue excelente. En fin es una compañía que recomendaré a todos. Gracias por hacer de mi hogar un lugar más bello y seguro.
jeanne shahan
jeanne shahan
14:41 28 Oct 22
I wanted to bring your attention to the professionalism and courtesy that Marilyn and Nichole exhibited in handling my inquiries. They are an asset to your company it was a pleasure to interact with both ladies. Both were very courteous and helpful. I would like to express my gratitude for their eagerness to help me. Thank you.Jeanne Shahan.
Yamilet
Yamilet
17:16 27 Oct 22
They presented me the project because I'm a potential buyer. Guys you have an spectacular customer service, Damaris is an amazing seller. She showed me the great company you have built.Rate 5 star plus
Sam Perez
Sam Perez
18:59 26 Oct 22
The employees and the company themselves have been nothing but pleasant since the very beginning of this process. Everyone has been very communicative and extremely professional. Daniel was very on point.
Rol Z
Rol Z
13:47 21 Oct 22
I want to say that the sales rep Stacey was very good, the project manager Daniel was very good and the installers were very good. Also, I don’t want to say that Florida Solar And Air did of excellent job in installing the new windows and doors and I am very pleased. Satisfied with the work they have done thank you right there OK?
Rafael Lopez
Rafael Lopez
16:57 17 Oct 22
I really want to point out how professional and efficient this company is. From their employees to their communication and transparency. Is very hard now a days to find a complete company with many good attributes like this one. My experience with Florida Solar and Air was magnificent during the window installation. I had the pleasure to have Patty and Jay educating me and introducing me to the company and wow! What a great presentation and knowledge they bring to the table. Friendly, patient and most of all caring. Everything they said became reality (not everyone out there can offer that much confidence in their product and workers). Their expertise on the products are impeccable and you as a client can rest assured you are getting the best quality installation. David worked along side Daniel to insure the windows were installed properly and on a timely manner. I have no words to describe David and Daniel's work ethic. The installation went perfect, I know is a very big word to throw around but THIS is how I really feel. Very clean and quiet. Never felt they were in my way. It was like magic. One day you see them working, next thing you know they're done. Seriously, I can talk forever about the process of this installation and the people that made it possible. But to keep it short, they have gained not only my respect and my admiration but most importantly my trust. I have a roof and solar panel installation in the coming days and I can't wait to see the final product. I am very well assured that I am in the best hands in the business. Thank you Florida Solar and Air keep doing what you re doing 👏.
Feliciti Suárez
Feliciti Suárez
14:41 14 Oct 22
The work was impeccable. The workers came every morning on time. We're professional,nice and friendly. Keep the mess to a minimum and cleaned up everything as they finished. Would recommend to anyone.
Robert Aldir
Robert Aldir
14:13 12 Oct 22
The Company is very professional, responsive and pays great attention to detail. The entire team is great to work with and each has a huge care factor when it comes to the customer experience. If you have an HOA or Condo Association - this Company handles getting all permits and approvals with them. They cut through the red tape fast and make sure every approval is obtained. The job site manager Daniel was incredible to work with. The primary installer Carlos was fast, efficient and kept the house clean during the project. Each team member communicates well and they all take ownership in the success of the project. I would use this Company again and I highly recommend that if you do please ask for Daniel and Carlos to work on your project - they are the dynamic duo!
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